The Global Energy Challenge: Germany's "Energiewende" and Beyond
• German Research Foundation (DFG)
The German “Energiewende” was already in place before the nuclear energy phase-out by 2022 was decided; however this decision heightened the urgency of some energy-related policy decisions.
Germany plans to reduce its C02 emissions from the energy sector by 80 percent by 2050 and cover 80 percent of its electricity needs in the industry with renewable energy. Total energy demand will need to be met with at least 60 percent renewables. Meeting these goals will require drastic changes to the energy system. Although many of the elements for such a (r)evolution are already in place, other technologies still remain in the research stage. Various forms of renewable energy, such as wind energy and photovoltaics, are currently being used on a large scale in Germany. Others, such as geothermal energy have not yet reached technological maturity. Electromobility will become a key element in future mobility systems. Energy storage, grid extension, and demand-side management will persist as crucial issues facing future energy systems.
This presentation highlighted the technological challenges and solutions associated with the Energiewende, as well as addressed the related societal and political issues.