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October 2010: Anatomical Models of the Human Skull for Preoperative Planning

Thursday, October 28, 2010

October 2010: Anatomical Models of the Human Skull for Preoperative Planning

The Leipzig-based company PHACON develops and produces surgical simulation systems for education and training, combining real skull models with virtual representations. Based on CT- or MRI-images, patient-individual 3D models can be created for preoperative planning of complex surgical interventions.

Surgeons of several disciplines can then practice interventions (e.g. the ablation of bone tissue in temporal bone surgery) under realistic conditions. Using surgical instruments during the simulation, the surgeon has realistic haptic experiences, where the system is able to detect injuries of critical structures, such as nerves and vessels, sending a signal to the surgeon. A webcam-based navigation system enables the surgeon to determine the position of the instrument’s tip within the CT images in real-time during the training procedure. With the possibility to apply every surgical instrument as a “Virtual Endoscope”, the surgeon sees the 3D representation of the anatomical structures in the software as well as on the real model. The software further allows the user to change the transparencies of the anatomical structures for better visibility. Founded in 2007, PHACON GmbH was nominated as one of three startup companies for the 2010 German Business Founder Award.

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